Children and Families

Child & Family Wellbeing Accelerator

Government Performance Lab (GPL) announces technical assistance supporting state and local governments redesigning child and family wellbeing systems.


Every child deserves the opportunity to grow up safe, healthy, and with a family.

The Harvard Kennedy School Government Performance Lab’s work in child welfare and early childhood helps state and local governments discover, demonstrate, and scale solutions that enable children and families to succeed. We measure the success of our projects in terms of the health of new moms and their babies, the number of vulnerable children protected from harm, the share of young people successfully transitioning to adulthood, and the volume of families living and thriving together at home.

Our technical assistance focuses on strengthening prevention, improving child welfare interventions, and taking a more coordinated approach to service delivery, such as:

Through engagements with governments around the country, we have identified a set of 17 model management strategies to remedy common causes of underperformance by public child welfare agencies and produce continuously rising outcomes for these children, young people, and families. These strategies are described in the GPL’s Child Welfare Management and Delivery Solutions book.

Our current focus is on establishing high-visibility “model agency” demonstrations of child wellbeing systems for the 21st century, refining these model management practices by continuing intensive technical assistance with individual jurisdictions, and developing dissemination resources, tools, trainings, and partnerships to affect standards and practices nationwide.

Children & Families Projects

Arizona Child Welfare Performance Improvement

Developing a performance-based contracting strategy for delivery of critical services to ensure children are placed in the most appropriate setting and are provided the most effective services

Connecticut Family Stability Pay for Success

In 2013, over 50 percent of the 36,000 cases investigated by Connecticut’s Department of Children and Families (DCF) had an indication of parental substance use. DCF hoped to support these recovering parents by matching them to recovery and support services while limiting removals of their children, so the agency worked with the GPL to launch the Family Stability Pay for Success project. This project identified a crucial gap in services for families with children aged 3-6 and expanded these services to support 500 additional families in need. The GPL also worked with DCF to tailor its identification, referral, and enrollment processes to better address the specific needs of families with substance use issues. Although the project is still underway, initial results have shown promise, and the final results will be evaluated by a randomized control trial.

Illinois Wraparound Services for Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth

In Illinois, approximately 700 youth per year become simultaneously involved in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. These dually-involved youth experience very poor outcomes; on average 1,300 arrests per year and 230,000 days spent in congregate care. With pro-bono technical assistance from the GPL, the state tested a new model for supporting families involved with multiple agencies and has re-engineered data systems to improve performance management and referral processes. It now takes the state child welfare agency less than three days to identify a dually-involved youth, down from over 90 days on average. Once flagged as dually-involved, youth are matched to a wraparound facilitator who serves as their primary contact for support and refers them to appropriate services in a coordinated manner.  As part of the project, Illinois is also expanding the clinical and social services available to dually-involved youth (including family therapy and community-based placement), with the goals of reducing days spent incarcerated and in congregate care and improving child well-being.

Michigan Strong Beginnings Pay for Success

Michigan sought to expand prenatal and postpartum support in order to reduce the likelihood of negative health outcomes for new mothers and their children. With pro bono technical assistance from the GPL, Kent County is expanding comprehensive nurse home visiting services to every Medicaid-eligible, first-time mother to provide prenatal care, breastfeeding support, parenting and life skills-building, and additional services as needed. Assessed by a rigorous evaluation, the program is helping to reduce preterm births and rapid repeat pregnancies for new moms.  

Rhode Island Department of Children, Youth, and Families Performance Improvement

The GPL worked with DCYF on strategic planning to assess service needs and design an approach for improving services for children and families, executing a results-driven procurement for a new set of service contracts, strengthening their contract and provider performance management practices, and designing a strategic procurement management system to improve the results of contracted spending throughout the agency.

South Carolina Nurse Family Partnership Pay for Success

Striving to lower rates of preterm births and child injuries, the South Carolina Nurse-Family Partnership aims to give new moms the care they need to have healthy pregnancies and babies. The GPL worked with South Carolina’s Department of Health and Human Services (SCDHHS) to provide nurse home visiting services to 4,000 low-income, first-time mothers from the second trimester of their pregnancy until their child’s second birthday. The model incentivizes NFP to focus on enrolling mothers from low-income zip codes, reducing child injuries and pre-term births, and increasing healthy birth spacing. After the project concludes in 2022, the state will make success payments that will be reinvested into NFP in South Carolina based on outcomes evaluated by a randomized control trial.

Engaging Vulnerable Families in Voluntary Preventative Programs

Jurisdictions across the country are working to transform supports for vulnerable children and families by creating a more prevention-focused, holistic, and accessible child welfare system. Key to this approach has been redirecting funds to voluntary, upstream services that can prevent poor outcomes for families before they occur. Unfortunately, however, these voluntary programs often struggle to attract and engage families most in need of their services. State and local government agencies face challenges allocating slots for intensive services, prioritizing outreach efforts to reach those most in need, and sustaining high take-up rates for vulnerable families who are referred to voluntary programs. Overcoming these challenges is important for three reasons:

  1. Providing supportive services upstream can prevent adverse outcomes before they occur
  2. Proactive, well-designed engagement strategies can address historic inequities
  3. Families facing adversity are more likely to participate in services when providers’ outreach efforts are tailored to their specific needs

In order to provide preventative programs to the families that are most vulnerable to adverse outcomes, governments need to identify and engage them in a way that feels trusted, frictionless, and without judgment. This policy brief highlights lessons from seven jurisdictions across the U.S. that are successfully identifying vulnerable families and engaging them in services that prevent harmful outcomes in the future and empower children and families to thrive in the present.

Read the full report to learn more. 

Michigan Child Welfare Prevention and Family Supports

Michigan is undertaking reforms of its child welfare and family wellbeing system aimed at creating safer environments for children in their homes and enabling more children who enter protective care to be placed with family. The GPL is helping strengthen and increase access to prevention and family preservation programs, advance relative-first strategies for children in care, better address mental health for youth, and strengthen the quality of residential programs in collaboration with provider partners. This technical assistance creates lasting capacity to monitor results with data, deploy performance improvement strategies internally and with providers, and use contracts to advance strategic goals.

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